JUL-AUG 2018

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By Bill Lydon Based on discussions with many users, the relationship between IT and OT in organizations seems to be at different stages. However, the trend does appear to be the functional integration of IT and OT, regardless of the organizational structure, to achieve improved manufacturing and production. What is OT? Operational technology is typically defined as the hardware and software dedicated to detecting or causing changes in physical processes through direct monitoring or control of physical devices, including machines, robots, production lines, valves, pumps, and other elements of production. The actual control is responding to production with real-time controllers, such as programmable 10 INTECH JULY/AUGUST 2018 WWW.ISA.ORG T he relationship between information technology (IT) and operational technol - ogy (OT) is a topic of formal and informal discussions at industry forums, user groups, events, and tradeshows with many thoughts and opinions. There are clearly changes go- ing on in organizations with different business models and new technology, concepts, and challenges that are driving these discussions, pilot projects, and system changes. There are some strong views about the IT and OT relation- ship, including: l cooperative separation l cooperative integration l IT managing OT except for real-time machine and process controls l new hybrid groups Integrated manufacturing and production New information technology and operational technology models

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