MAR-APR 2019

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4 INTECH MARCH/APRIL 2019 WWW.ISA.ORG PROCESS AUTOMATION 16 Empowering an effective PAT methodology By Lisa Graham, PhD, PE Advanced analytics are key components of PAT projects in pharmaceutical and biotech plants and facilities. FACTORY AUTOMATION 22 Machine automation basics By Chip McDaniel A machine automation system consists of multiple subsystems for power and control. SYSTEM INTEGRATION 26 Striking a balance for plantwide wireless By Shuji Yamamoto Low-power wide-area networks are a lightweight wireless solution tailored to IIoT implementations. AUTOMATION IT 30 RAMI 4.0—Reference Architectural Model for Industrie 4.0 By Bill Lydon RAMI 4.0 is gaining broad acceptance throughout the world. Its development focused on industrial production as the primary area of application, and it ensures that all participants involved in Indus - try 4.0 discussions and activities have a common framework to understand each other and identify standards. COVER STORY Cybersecurity insights By Bill Lydon Cybersecurity threats to manufacturing and process plants are coming from a widening range of attack vectors, many driven by the application of Internet of Things technologies. This article explores aspects of these issues with recognized cybersecurity experts Andy Kling and Marty Edwards. March/April 2019 | Vol. 66, Issue 2 10 SPECIAL SECTION: VIBRATION MONITORING 34 Improving maintenance by adopting a P-F curve methodology By Kevin Clark, CMRP The P-F curve is a way of representing an asset's behavior or condition before it has reached a failed state. The most important part of the P-F curve represents the time between when poten - tial failure is detected in an asset and when it reaches the failed state. The P-F curve helps determine timing of maintenance for optimal production and life-cycle cost.

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