MAY-JUN 2019

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16 INTECH MAY/JUNE 2019 WWW.ISA.ORG Industrial Process Operation 4.0 By Martin Hollender, PhD D igitalization, Internet of Things (IoT), big data, artificial intelligence, and vir- tual reality are some examples of rapidly developing areas of technology that will have a big impact on how industrial processes will operate in the future. Normal operations that are already highly automated will be even more automated in the future. Tasks like fault detec- tion, diagnosis, and process optimization are becoming more complex. Many of those tasks are best handled by in- terdisciplinary teams with broad expertise and knowledge about process, plant, operations, maintenance, networks, sensors, and actuators. Collaborative process operations make it pos- sible to efficiently bring disciplines together to focus on the problem at hand. Big data and arti- ficial intelligence tools support teams and make them as efficient as possible. Previously isolated control rooms become networked control centers for the Industry 4.0 high-performance work force. Work environments must support collaboration at all levels and support high-performance work around the clock. Like the situation in the transport sector with the advent of self-driving cars, the way industrial processes operate is dramatically changing. Today's sophisticated digital automation pro- grams can handle most situations. Cheap sensors connected to powerful artificial intelligence algo- rithms, like image recognition or vibration moni- toring, can increasingly replace human sensing. A single operator can take responsibility for larger and larger plant sections. Integrated industrial information systems gath- er operational data to enable collaboration across locations, disciplines, and organizations. They make real-time data easily available to the appro- priate individuals. However, the reality is often far from ideal. In a Digitalization is impacting industrial processes as the technical infra- structure that allows data-driven decision making—Internet of Things, big data, artificial intelligence, virtual reality—becomes available

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