MAY-JUN 2017

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INTECH MAY/JUNE 2017 25 FACTORY AUTOMATION located control center with real-time measurements intermixed with sensor data from other fixed and mobile plat- forms. It will monitor and record within an industrial control or SCADA system, such as that shown in figure 6. ISA's Test & Measurement Division and Communication Division current ly have a joint working group focused on IIoT, cyber-physical security, and un- The FAA Part 107 regulations, which legalize commercial drone use, dramatically increase the potential number of UAS users. Anyone can now legally operate a UAS as part of a business after first passing an aeronautical knowledge test and then registering with the FAA. In the first two days after the test became available, 1,338 people had completed the test with an 88 percent pass rate. Small unmanned aerial system operational limitations The following restrictions and limitations are based on "Operation and Certification of Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Final Rule" as published in the Federal Register, volume 81(124), 28 June 2016, pp. 42063–42214 (FAA, 2016). • sUASs must weigh less than 55 pounds (25 kg). • sUASs must remain within visual line of sight of the remote pilot in command and the person manipulating the flight controls of the sUASs. Alternatively, the sUAS must remain within VLOS of the visual observer. • sUASs may not operate over any persons not directly participating in the operation, under a covered structure, or inside a covered stationary vehicle. • sUASs are limited to daylight-only operations, or civil twilight (30 minutes before official sunrise to 30 minutes after official sunset, local time) with appropriate an- ticollision lighting. • sUASs must yield right of way to other aircraft. • First-person view cameras cannot satisfy "see-and-avoid" requirements, but can be used as long as requirements are satisfied in other ways. • sUASs are limited to a maximum ground speed of 100 mph (87 knots) and a maxi- mum altitude of 400 ft above ground level (AGL) or, if higher than 400 ft AGL, remain within a 400-ft radius of a structure. They must fly no higher than 400 ft above a structure's uppermost limit. • External load operations are allowed if the object being carried by the UAS is securely at- tached and does not adversely affect the flight characteristics or controllability of the aircraft. • Transportation of property for compensation or hire is allowed if: o the aircraft, including its attached systems, payload, and cargo weigh less than 55 pounds, total o the flight is conducted within VLOS and not from a moving vehicle or aircraft o the flight occurs wholly within the bounds of a state and does not involve transport between (1) Hawaii and another place in Hawaii through airspace outside Hawaii; (2) the District of Columbia and another place in the District of Columbia; or (3) a territory or possession of the U.S. and another place in the same territory or possession Most of the restrictions enumerated above are waivable if the applicant demonstrates that his or her operation can safely be conducted under the terms of a certificate of waiver. For more information, download "An Early Survey of Best Practices for the Use of Small Unmanned Aerial Systems by the Electric Utility Industry," ORNL-TM2017/93, from Summary of 14 CFR Part 107 (FAA rule/Part 107) manned aerial systems with the asso- ciated examination of functional and operational security for when these devices are deployed into a control system. Additional information on these and related topics—including videos of the operation of sensor- laden drones—are available on each division's website. Let's risk the machines, not the humans. n ABOUT THE AUTHORS Marissa Morales-Rodriguez, PhD (mo-, is a research and development scientist at Oak Ridge Na- tional Laboratory. She has been working in chemical sciences, concentrating on applications related to sensing, additive manufacturing, and document security. Morales-Rodriguez is director-elect of the ISA Test & Measurement Division and will receive a PhD in energy sciences from the University of Tennessee Bredesen Center in August 2017. Sterling Rooke, PhD (, is the founder of X8 LLC, a technology company focused on industrial sensors with an eye toward cyber- and energy security. On a part-time basis, Rooke is the director of training within a Cyber Operations Squadron in the U.S. Air Force. In his role as a reserve military offi- cer, Rooke leads airman through training exercises to prepare for future conflicts in cyberspace. He is the director-elect of the ISA Communication Division. Rooke received his PhD in civil engineering from the University of Maryland. Peter Fuhr, PhD (fuhrpl@ornl.go), is a dis- tinguished scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and is also the technology di- rector for the Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Research Laboratory. He is the di- rector of the ISA Test & Measurement Division. Fuhr received his PhD in electri- cal engineering from the Johns Hopkins University. Penny Chen, PhD, is a senior principal technology strategist at Yokogawa US Technology Center (USTC), responsible for technology strategy and standardiza- tion focusing on wireless, networking, and related security, and exploring new technologies for industrial applications. Chen is actively involved in ISA100, Wire- less Systems for Automation and a variety of IoT standardization activities, includ- ing IEEE P2413 IoT Architecture Refer- ence Framework. Chen received a PhD in electrical engineering from Northwestern University. She is the director of the ISA Communication Division. View the online version at

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